Monday, September 18, 2017

Attitudes on Aging: Perceptions on Aging Differ for Women and Men

A survey reports that women begin to feel old at the age of 29, and men don’t feel old until age 58. Attitudes on aging affect health as well.

 A spokesperson for a British-based funeral arrangement company reported that a study was done to determine the differing attitudes and views on aging between women and men. The survey, conducted by Avalon Funeral, found that women feel past their prime as early as the age of 29.  Men, by contrast, don’t feel as though they are “over the hill’ until the approximate age of 58.
 It was reported that one possible reason for men’s and women’s differing  perceptions on aging  could be the fact that society seems to value the attractiveness of a woman more so than that of a man.  

Attitudes about Aging
The apparent differing perceptions about aging could possibly impact a difference in men and women’s health status as well. An old saying, “You’re only as old as you feel”, apparently has some scientific merit to it according to a research study from Yale University and the National Institute on Aging.

 Studies also show that attitude about aging can be critical and impact health. In1968, surveys were taken of 386 men and women who were under age 50. The same group was studied four decades later. The men and women who had held the most negative stereotypes and perceptions about the aged were markedly more likely to have had heart attacks or strokes than those who had held more positive views about older people. Twenty-five percent of those with negative attitudes about aging had cardiovascular problems. This was a stark contrast to the thirteen percent of the participants with positive attitudes who suffered such cardiovascular events.

Perceptions on Aging for Men
Avalon Funeral Plans The study by the Avalon Funeral Plans determined that  two-thirds of men in the survey reported that they began to feel past their prime when they began having difficulties performing  sexually. The survey also found that 22% of men in the study reported that they began to feel old when they started noticing that music in bars and clubs was too loud.
Society plays a pivotal role in the differing perceptions on aging. Men, it seems, are less defined by their attractiveness than women are. Unfortunately, our society’s attitudes toward youth and beauty are much more forgiving of men than of women. Society doesn’t expect men to be as good looking and youthful as they age. Men are considered to look distinguished, rather than old, as they age. In addition, some men are more career oriented and such men don’t begin to feel old until they reach the age of retirement.

Perceptions on Aging for Women
Modern women feel past their prime when they no longer fit  the nearly impossible ideals imposed upon them by society.  Ten percent of women in the survey report that they begin to feel “over the hill” when they begin to notice that their once-youthful skin starts to show signs of wrinkles and begins to sag.

Another fifty percent of the women in the study reported that they started to feel past their prime when their breasts and buttocks started to droop.
Interestingly, three percent of the women surveyed believed that when and if they started to behave like their own mothers, such behavior was a definite sign of getting old in their perception.
In conclusion, unless society adopts a more equitable attitude regarding youth and beauty of men and women, women will probably remain more age-conscious than men.

Monday, June 12, 2017

George Washington’s Warning About American Despotism: A Cautionary Tale for Today

Although known as his Farewell Address, the words Washington selected were never spoken to an audience. The president arranged with David C. Claypoole, editor and proprietor of the Daily American Advertiser to print his letter in the Philadelphia newspaper in September of 1796. As one reads Washington’s words in his Farewell Address, an adept reader may be astounded at how remarkably prophetic they are. Some of what Washington conveyed to his countrymen about the divisiveness of political parties reveals the president’s genuine wisdom:

The disorders and miseries which result gradually incline the minds of men to seek security and repose in the absolute power of an individual; and sooner or later the chief of some prevailing faction, more able or more fortunate than his competitors, turns this disposition to the purposes of his own elevation, on the ruins of public liberty.

Without looking forward to an extremity of this kind (which nevertheless ought not to be entirely out of sight), the common and continual mischiefs of the spirit of party are sufficient to make it the interest and duty of a wise people to discourage and restrain it.

It serves always to distract the public councils and enfeeble the public administration. It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms, kindles the animosity of one part against another, foments occasionally riot and insurrection. It opens the door to foreign influence and corruption, which finds a facilitated access to the government itself through the channels of party passions. Thus the policy and the will of one country are subjected to the policy and will of another.

President Washington expressed genuine concern in that “the alternate domination” of one political party over another, thereby allowing one party to enjoy temporary power over the government that would use it to obtain revenge on the other. He seriously felt that this tendency toward atrocities directed at the party out of power “…is itself a frightful despotism. But this leads at length to a more formal and permanent despotism.”

Washington understood what America would become if “a wise people” did not do their duty to discourage and restrain the over-zealous development of political parties.
Unfortunately, it may be too late to restrain the hunger for power evident in America’s political parties in this day; such power now seems entrenched as it has become evident that both major political parties have a hard time yielding to the will of the people.

The presidential election of 2016 had offered some hope as a “wise people”  to have wised up, and the antics of the 2016 election have helped many a naïve American citizen awaken to the realities of what “We the People” have allowed over several decades as the two major political parties  “ran the show.” Americans trusted the political process, but now realize the political system is broken – and it threatens the existence of the very nation Washington and those of the founding generation had fought so hard to create.

If enough Americans can awaken in this time, they may begin to realize that it is not just one political party that is the problem, it is both political parties that have led to the state of politics that allows an aristocratic political elite to ignore America’s founding principles and values. If enough Americans can awaken in this time, the nation may be able to avoid the “frightful despotism which can lead at length to a more formal and permanent despotism.”

Friday, January 27, 2017

Report Card: The First 100 Days

The massive recent massive rallies in Washington D.C. (500,000 women, men, and children) and the rallies all across the country and globally are evidence that the majority of people are very concerned about the new administration’s increasing radical agenda. They are concerned about losing health care, the freedom of the press, the economy, women’s rights, our global relationships with other countries, the Russian interference in our election, Trump’s illogical admiration of Putin, and our general well-being and safety. They are concerned about the attempts to undo all of the good that President Obama did for us and our country in his two terms. They are concerned about protecting the Obama legacy. I share those concerns.

The first amendment is meant to protect our freedom of speech, freedom of press, and our right to assembly to petition the government to redress citizen concerns. That is why we are seeing increasing efforts to have our voices heard and to resist the Trump agenda.

There is also great alarm in America about the “twilight zone” aura that being an American impacted by the new administration seems to evoke. Trump’s thin skin, ignorance of issues, his lack of experience, his hubris, his  penchant for revenge, his need for constant acclamation or praise, his blatant disregard for fact in favor of his own alternate facts that make up his own bubble of his own reality.

Even some Republicans, according to Veteran Beltway journalist Carl Bernstein share such concerns for Trump’s emotional stability. Bernstein told CNN recently that discussions in Washington this week have been, "unlike anything I have seen in 50 years as a reporter." Bernstein further stated, “I am hearing from Republicans, and other reporters are as well, that there is open discussion by members of the President of the United States’ own party about his emotional maturity, stability. People are saying that his psyche is driving the news cycle. We are in uncharted territory here and we ought to talk to some of our colleagues about what they are hearing. [I think it’s a really fruitful area because] I’ve never heard [people] talking about a president… the way this subtext is now a talking point.”

Do the masses of people who gathered all across our country and globally in attempt to voice concerns and to resist Trump’s agenda have that right? Ryan and the Republicans are complaining about the failure of Democrats to play the role of a “loyal opposition” that willingly compromises and cooperates with them and the wrecking crew the incoming administration has assembled to destroy essential programs—beginning with Health Care—while redistributing wealth to the billionaire class that is its core constituency.

The Speaker of the House claims Trump “earned a mandate” for a "go big or go bold", while Trump “counselor” Kellyanne Conway is not just claiming a mandate but complaining that critics of the billionaire are “attempting to foment a permanent opposition that is corrosive to our constitutional democracy.”

I would argue that the 3 million people who voted against Donald Trump in favor of Hillary Clinton and the Democratic party do have a right to resist. Fifty-four percent of Americans voted for someone other than Donald Trump. He has earned no political honeymoon.

If D.J. Trump’s first week in office is indicative of his first 100 days, let alone four years of his administration, he receives a failing grade on his report card. 
I am quoting an article, “President Trump: The Normal, the Abnormal, and the Truly Alarming” by Georgia Logothetis to explain why Trump gets a failing grade:

“We begin today’s roundup with The New York Times and its editorial on Donald Trump’s “tantrum” on Mexico:
Less than a week into the job, President Trump on Thursday raised the specter of a trade war with America’s third-largest partner, Mexico, as the White House warned that the United States could impose a 20 percent tariff on Mexican imports. [...]
Sending the Mexican economy into a tailspin is the surest way to reverse that trend, which historically has been driven by market forces, and has never been deterred much by fences or walls. Besides, a tax on Mexican imports would be paid by American consumers and businesses that buy those goods. Americans would pay for the wall, not Mexicans.

Tim Mack at The Daily Beast breaks down Donald Trump’s “word salad” at the GOP retreat:
When he arrived Thursday, he delivered a word salad of a speech—a rambling, self-aggrandizing set of remarks characterized by vague promises, questionable claims, and confusion. Notably, Trump pledged to Republican lawmakers that he would investigate voter fraud—an issue driven almost entirely by himself, and based on no evidence—prompting a dull silence from Republicans in the crowd, many of whom wish the topic would just go away. [...]
Trump’s opposition isn’t just going to get used to it. Protests erupted outside as Trump addressed the Republican faithful. It seems that the City of Brotherly Love doesn’t have much love for President Trump—thousands gathered to demonstrate against the newly sworn-in president.

Ed Kilgore added:
The congressional Republican retreat in Philadelphia this week was supposed to foster highly efficient private discussions and briefings, and let the solons emerge from their labors revealed as a lean, mean, legislating machine. From reports at the end of the first day, however, they looked more like lost sheep, disappointed at the inability of their leaders to provide clear direction on how they would negotiate the tangle of health care, budget, and tax legislation they’ve committed to enact. There is particular anxiety about the very first item on everyone’s agenda: the repeal and replacement of Obamacare.

Adam Gopnik at The New Yorker on “1984”:
The blind, blatant disregard for truth is offered without even the sugar-façade of sweetness of temper or equableness or entertainment—offered not with a sheen of condescending consensus but in an ancient tone of rage, vanity, and vengeance. Trump is pure raging authoritarian id.
And so, rereading Orwell, one is reminded of what Orwell got right about this kind of brute authoritarianism—and that was essentially that it rests on lies told so often, and so repeatedly, that fighting the lie becomes not simply more dangerous but more exhausting than repeating it. Orwell saw, to his credit, that the act of falsifying reality is only secondarily a way of changing perceptions. It is, above all, a way of asserting power.

Steven Rattner, writing in The Washington Post, warns on an under-the-radar Trump nominee:
[W]ithin the Trump team, the views of Representative Mick Mulvaney, Republican of South Carolina, his little-known choice to lead the important Office of Management and Budget, rank as among the most reactionary.
Only slivers of this were visible in Mr. Mulvaney’s uneventful confirmation hearing on Tuesday.
In fact, Mr. Mulvaney — a founding member of the Freedom Caucus with an almost perfect conservative voting record — spent his six-year congressional career leading the charge against federal spending and borrowing, voting against everything from Hurricane Sandy relief to reopening the government after the 2013 shutdown.
His intransigence placed him well to the right of Republican leadership, including former Speaker John Boehner, whom he repeatedly opposed for — get this — being excessively soft on 

Catherine Rampell points out Trump is running the government like he ran his failing businesses:
One week into the presidency, we’ve gotten a taste of Trump’s management style. And so far it’s been plagued by many of the bad habits common to poorly run businesses. Take, for example, his administration’s clear indifference to — or outright rejection of — good measurement and analytics. [...] Needless to say, there are major differences between running a business and running a government; it’s a myth that aptitude at one necessarily translates to aptitude at the other. But with ineptitude, maybe it’s a different story.

And, on a final note, Damon Linker breaks down “the normal, the abnormal, and the truly alarming”:
For the first time in my life, I genuinely fear for the future of the nation's democratic norms and institutions. But that doesn't mean that every single thing the new president does or says is an occasion for full-bore panic. More than ever, all of us need to keep our heads and not fall into a pattern of issuing hourly alarms about the imminent demise of democracy and advent of a fascist dictatorship in the United States.

Some of what we're seeing is truly alarming — direct challenges to liberal democratic norms. But other moves are typical early actions of post-Reagan Republican presidents, while still others go much further than previous administrations but should be considered acceptable (if perhaps deeply worrying) efforts to shift policy direction in a dramatic though not democratically illegitimate way.

It is crucially important to distinguish among these different types of moves. It's the only way to maintain some sense of equilibrium and orientation in a profoundly destabilizing and deranging moment in American political history.

In conclusion, I think it is necessary for the media and the masses to be on a persistent Trump watch, hold him accountable, and resist his radical and damaging agenda.